Tulsidas poems in hindi wikipedia

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Tulsidas poems in hindi wikipedia

The word Ramcharitmanas literally means "Lake of the deeds of Rama ". The work has variously been acclaimed as "the living sum of Indian culture", "the tallest tree in the magic garden of medieval Indian poetry", "the greatest book of all devotional literature" and "the best and most trustworthy guide to the popular living faith of the Indian people".

Tulsidas the Sanskrit name of Tulsidas can be transliterated in two ways. Tulsidas was a great scholar of Sanskrit. However, he wanted the story of Rama to be accessible to the general public and not just the Sanskrit -speaking elite. In order to make the story of Rama as accessible to the layman as to the scholar, Tulsidas chose to write in Awadhi which was the language of general parlance in large parts of north India at the time.

Tradition has it that Tulsidas had to face a lot of criticism from the Sanskrit scholars of Varanasi for being a bhasha vernacular poet. However, Tulsidas remained steadfast in his resolve to simplify the knowledge contained in the Vedasthe Upanishads and the Puranas to the common people. Subsequently, his work was accepted by all. Ramcharitmanasmade available the story of Rama to the common man to sing, meditate and perform on. The writing of Ramcharitmanas also heralded many a cultural tradition, most significantly that of the tradition of Ramlilathe dramatic enactment of the text.

This also makes Tulsidas a contemporary of William Shakespeare. The Ramcharitmanas is written in vernacular Awadhi language, [19] [20] [21] The core of the work is considered by some to be a poetic retelling of the events of the Sanskrit epic Ramayana [1] [22] [23] [24] [25] by Valmiki. The Valmiki Ramayana is centered on the narrative of Ramathe scion of the family tree of king Raghu of the Sun Dynasty.

Rama was the crown prince of Ayodhya and is considered in Hindu tradition as the seventh Avatar of Vishnu. However, the Ramacharitmanas is by no means a word-to-word copy of the Valmiki Ramayana nor an abridged re-telling of the latter. Ramcaritmanas has elements from many other Ramayanas written earlier in Sanskrit and other Indian dialects as well as stories from Puranas.

Tulsidas himself never writes Ramcharitmanas as being a retelling of Valmiki Ramayana. Tulsidas claims to have received the story through his guru, Narharidas.

His guru graciously repeated it again and again so that he could understand and remember it. Then he narrated the story and named it Ramcharitmanas as Shiva himself called it. The epic poem is, therefore, also referred to as Tulsikrit Ramayana literally, The Ramayana composed by Tulsidas. The Ramcharitmanas is a masterpiece of vernacular literature. Some believe it to represent a challenge to the dominance of high-class Brahmanical Sanskrit, [27] [28] [29] echoing the revolt of Buddha against Brahmanical elitism.

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It was the attempt of Tulsidas to reconcile the different stories of Rama and to bring the story within the reach of the common man. The work is primarily composed in the Chaupai metre four-line quatrainsseparated by the Doha metre two-line coupletswith occasional Soratha and various Chhand metres. It is customary of the Indian tradition of writing that the author begins a new book with invocation to the Gods to ensure that the sankalpa is finished unhindered.

Tulsidas ends every chapter in a similar manner describing the ending in the Sanskrit language.Hanuman is a devotee of Ram and one of the central characters in the Indian epicthe Ramayan.

Folk tales acclaim the powers of Hanuman. The authorship of the Hanuman Chalisa is attributed to Tulsidasa poet-saint who lived in the 16th century CE. He mentions his name in the last verse of the hymn. It is said in the last stanza of the Chalisa that whoever chants it with full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman's grace.

Among Hindus worldwide, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Chalisa invokes Hanuman's divine intervention in grave problems. A composer of several popular works, he is best known for being the author of the epic Ramcharitmanasa retelling of the Ramayana in the vernacular Awadhi language.

Tulsidas was acclaimed in his lifetime to be a reincarnation of Valmikithe composer of the original Ramayan in Sanskrit. There are 2 couplets in the beginning and one couplet at the ending between the 40 verses of Chalisa.

The Hindu deity to whom the prayer is addressed, Hanumanis an ardent devotee of Ram the seventh avatar of Vishnu and a central character in the Ramayana. Lord Hanuman is also one of the powerful incarnation of Lord Shiva. A general among the vanarasHanuman is a disciple of Lord Ram in the war against the demon king Ravan. Hanuman's exploits are much celebrated in a variety of religious and cultural traditions, [25] particularly in Hinduism, to the extent that he is often the object of worship according to some bhakti traditions, [26] and is the prime deity in many temples known as Hanuman Mandirs.

He is one of seven chiranjeevs immortals as per Sanatan Dharma. Hanuman also appears in Mahabharata on Arjuna's chariot as 'dhwaj' a type of flag. The work consists of forty-three verses — two introductory Dohasforty Chaupais and one Doha in the end.

Cleansing the mirror in the form of my mind with the pollen of the lotus-feet of the Guru, I describe the unblemished glory of Rama, which bestows the four fruits. O Hanuman, the ocean of knowledge and virtues, may you be victorious. You are the trusted messenger of Rama and you are the abode of incomparable strength. You are the great hero, you are endowed with valour, your body is as strong as Indra 's Vajra.

You are the destroyer of vile intellect, and you are the companion of one whose intellect is pure. Your complexion is that of molten gold, and you are resplendent in your handsome form. You wear Kundalas small earrings worn in old times by Hindus in your ears and your hair is curly.

tulsidas poems in hindi wikipedia

You have the Vajra and the flag in your hands, and the sacred-thread Yajnopavita made of the Munja grass adorns your shoulder. Rambhadracharya gives two meanings for the first half of the verse — [46]. Rao and Mehta explain the first half as Hanuman is the son of Kesari and Shiva. You delight in listening to the acts of Rama Ramayana. You assumed an extremely minute form and appeared to Sita in the Ashok Vatika.

You assumed a very large and scary form and burnt the city of Lanka. You assumed a frightening form and destroyed the demons [in the army of Ravana].Tulsidas wrote several popular works in Sanskrit and Awadhi ; he is best known as the author of the epic Ramcharitmanasa retelling of the Sanskrit Ramayana based on Rama 's life in the vernacular Awadhi.

Tulsidas spent most of his life in the city of Varanasi. He has been acclaimed as one of the greatest poets in HindiIndianand world literature. The Sanskrit name of Tulsidas can be transliterated in two ways. The lost vowels are an aspect of the Schwa deletion in Indo-Aryan languages and can vary between regions. Tulsidas himself has given only a few facts and hints about events of his life in various works.

Till late nineteenth century, the two widely known ancient sources on Tulsidas' life were the Bhaktamal composed by Nabhadas between andand a commentary on Bhaktamal titled Bhaktirasbodhini composed by Priyadas in Priyadas' work was composed around a hundred years after the death of Tulsidas and had eleven additional stanzas, describing seven miracles or spiritual experiences from the life of Tulsidas. The work by Bhavanidas presented more narratives in greater detail as compared to the work by Priyadas.

In the s a fifth ancient account was published based on an old manuscript, the Gautam Chandrika composed by Krishnadatta Misra of Varanasi in The accounts published later are not considered authentic by some modern scholars, whereas some other scholars have been unwilling to dismiss them. Together, these five works form a set of traditional biographies on which modern biographies of Tulsidas are based. He is believed by many to be a rebirth of Valmiki.

Nabhadas writes in his Bhaktamal literally, the Garland of bhakt or devotee that Tulsidas was the re-incarnation of Valmiki in the Kali Yuga. According to a traditional account, Hanuman went to Valmiki numerous times to hear him sing the Ramayana, but Valmiki turned down the request saying that Hanuman being a monkey was unworthy of hearing the epic. There he scripted a play version of the Ramayana called Mahanataka or Hanuman Nataka engraved on the Himalayan rocks using his nails. Hanuman was saddened at Valmiki's state of mind and, being a true bhakta without any desire for glory, Hanuman cast all the rocks into the ocean, some parts of which are believed to be available today as Hanuman Nataka.

Tulsidas was born on saptamithe seventh day of shukla pakshathe bright half of the lunar Hindu calendar month Shraavana July—August. Most sources identify him as a Saryupareen Brahmin of the Parashar Gotra lineagealthough some sources claim he was a Kanyakubja or Sanadhya Brahmin. There is difference of opinion among biographers regarding the year of birth of Tulsidas. Biographers who disagree with this year argue that it makes the life span of Tulsidas equal years, which in their opinion is unlikely if not impossible.

In contrast, Ramchandra Shukla says that an age of is not impossible for a Mahatma great soul like Tulsidas. The Government of India and provincial governments celebrated the th birth anniversary of Tulsidas in the year CE, according to the year of Tulsidas' birth in popular culture.

Legend goes that Tulsidas was born after staying in the womb for twelve months, he had all thirty two teeth in his mouth at birth, his health and looks were like that of a five-year-old boy, and he did not cry at the time of his birth but uttered Rama instead. Chuniya took the child to her village of Haripur and looked after him for five and a half years after which she died.

Stylistics and translation_wk 3

At the age of five years, Rambola was adopted by Narharidas, a Vaishnava ascetic of Ramananda 's monastic order who is believed to be the fourth disciple of Ramananda, [32] or alternately, the disciple of Anantacharya.

Tulsidas started his learning at Ayodhya. After some time, Narharidas took him to a particular Varaha Kshetra Soron a holy place with temple dedicated to Varaha — the boar avatar of Vishnuwhere he first narrated the Ramayana to Tulsidas.

Most authors identify the Varaha Kshetra referred to by Tulsidas with the Sookarkshetra is the Soron Varaha Kshetra in modern-day Kasganj[33] Tulsidas further mentions in the Ramcharitmanas that his guru repeatedly narrated the Ramayana to him, which led him to understand it somewhat. Tulsidas later came to the sacred city of Varanasi and studied Sanskrit grammarfour Vedassix VedangasJyotisha and the six schools of Hindu philosophy over a period of 15—16 years from guru Shesha Sanatana who was based at the Pancaganga Ghat in Varanasi.

There are two contrasting views regarding the marital status of Tulsidas. When Tulsidas came to know this, he swam across the Yamuna river in the night to meet his wife.

तुलसीदास | Tulsidas

Here, he renounced the Grihastha householder's life stage and became a Sadhu Hindu ascetic. Some authors consider the marriage episode of Tulsidas to be a later interpolation and maintain that he was a bachelor. After renunciation, Tulsidas spent most of his time at Varanasi, Prayag, Ayodhya, and Chitrakuta but visited many other nearby and far-off places.

He travelled across India to many places, studying different people, meeting saints and Sadhus and meditating. Tulsidas hints at several places in his works, that he had met face to face with Hanuman and Rama.

On his return to the city, he used to offer the remaining water to a certain tree.It is broadly classified into four prominent forms styles based on the date of production. They are:. Literature of Adi kal c.

Jayachand, the last ruler of Kannauj belonging to the Rathore Rajput clan, gave more patronage to Sanskrit rather than local dialects. Harsha, the author of Naishdhiya Charitrawas his court poet. Jagnayak sometimes Jagnikthe royal poet in Mahobaand Nalha, the royal poet in Ajmerwere the other prominent literary figures in this period. However, after Prithviraj Chauhan's defeat in the Second Battle of Tarainmost literary works belonging to this period were destroyed by the army of Muhammad of Ghor.

Very few scriptures and manuscripts from this period are available and their genuineness is also doubted. Some Siddha and Nathpanthi poetical works belonging to this period are also found, but their genuineness is again, doubted. The Siddhas belonged to the Vajrayanaa later Buddhist sect. Some scholars argue that the language of Siddha poetry is not an earlier form of Hindi, but Magadhi Prakrit. Nathpanthis were yogis who practised the Hatha yoga.

Some Jain and Rasau heroic poets poetry works are also available from this period. It flourished under the Delhi Sultanate and later under the Nizams of Hyderabad. It was written in the Persian script. Nevertheless, the Hindavi literature can be considered as proto-Hindi literature.

Others such as Roustami, Nishati etc.

तुलसीदास की जीवनी | Tulsidas ka Jeevan Parichay In Hindi

Shah Buharnuddin Janam Bijapuri used to call it Hindi. His grandson Abdulla Hussaini wrote Nishatul Ishq. The first Deccani poet was Nizami. During the later part of this period and early Bhakti Kala, many saint-poets like Ramanand and Gorakhnath became famous. The earliest form of Hindi can also be seen in some of Vidyapati 's Maithili works.

The medieval Hindi literature is marked by the influence of Bhakti movement and composition of long, epic poems. Awadhi and Braj Bhasha were the dialects in which literature was developed. Sadhukaddi was also a language commonly used, especially by Kabir in his poetry and dohas.

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The Bhakti period also marked great theoretical development in poetry forms chiefly from a mixture of older forms of poetry. This was also the age when Poetry was characterised under the various Rasas. Unlike the Adi Kaal also called the Vir Gatha Kaal which was characterised by an overdose of Poetry in the Vir Rasa Heroic Poetrythe Bhakti Yug marked a much more diverse and vibrant form of poetry which spanned the whole gamut of rasas [ permanent dead link ] from Shringara rasa loveVir Rasa Heroism.

Bhakti poetry had two schools — the Nirguna school the believers of a formless God or an abstract name and the Saguna school the believers of a God with attributes and worshippers of Vishnu's incarnations.Tulsidas was an Indian writer. He wrote many books. His most famous book is the Ramacharitamanasa. This book was written in a language called Awadhia dialect of Hindi.

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The book tells the story of Lord Rama and his war and victory over Ravanaking of Lanka. Rama fought for his wife Sita and brought her back from Lanka to Ayodhya.

He was a Sarayuparina Brahmin by birth and is regarded as an incarnation of Valmikithe author of the Ramayana. His father's name was Atmaram Shukla Dube and his mother's name Hulsi.

Tulsidas conceived of god in the form of Rama. Tulsidas's composition 'Ramcharithmanasa. His devotion in the literary world is very important. We should remember him and his teachings and always follow his teachings in our life. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Another book written by Tulsidas is Kavitavali. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Categories : births deaths Indian writers People from Uttar Pradesh.

Hidden category: People stubs. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last changed on 6 Marchat See Terms of Use for details.Tulsidasborn ? Although Tulsidas was above all a devotee of Rama, he remained a Smarta Vaishnavite, following the more generally accepted traditions and customs of Hinduism rather than a strict sectarian outlook.

His eclectic approach to doctrinal questions meant that he was able to rally wide support for the worship of Rama in northern Indiaand the success of the Ramcharitmanas has been a prime factor in the replacement of the cult of Krishna another popular avatar of Vishnu with that of Rama as the dominant religious influence in that area. He lived most of his adult life at Varanasi. A number of early manuscripts are extant—some fragmentary—and one is said to be an autograph. The oldest complete manuscript is dated The poem, written in Awadhi, an Eastern Hindi dialectconsists of seven cantos of unequal lengths.

The influence of the Bhagavata-puranathe chief scripture of Krishna worshipers, is also discernible, as is that of a number of minor sources. Eleven other works are attributed with some certainty to Tulsidas. These include Krishna gitavalia series of 61 songs in honour of Krishna; Vinay pattrikaa series of verse passages addressed to Hindu sacred places and deities chiefly Rama and Sita ; and Kavitavalinarrating several incidents from the story of Rama.

Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Tulsidas Indian poet. See Article History. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

tulsidas poems in hindi wikipedia

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tulsidas poems in hindi wikipedia

Tulsidasapart from his Ramcharitmanascomposed Ramaite lyrics. Many of those poems continue to be recited and sung, often at all-night celebrations. History at your fingertips.


Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About.Tulsidas was a medieval Hindi poet and philosopher. At a very young age, he was abandoned by his parents, and was adopted by a wandering ascetic.

In his youth, he got married to a woman named Ratnavali, and had a son who died at an early age.

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In his son's grief, Ratnavali left Tulsidas and returned to her father's house to occupy herself with religion. Tulsi's wife was devoted to Lord Rama, and her faith moved him so much, that he renounced the world, and entered upon an ascetic life, much of which was spent in wandering as a preacher of the necessity of a loving faith in Rama.

He led a simple l. He led a simple l His most famous work is 'Ramcharitmanas' an epic devoted to Lord Rama; the extremely beautiful translation of Ramayana. His beautiful 'Dohas' have also contributed to Hindi Literature. He has also composed hymns and prayers, and assembled them in 'Vinaya Patrika' or 'Book of Petitions. He was one of the greatest 'Bhakti' poets India ever had. My poems 10 Titles list. It is only when 'Rama' the Lord decided to bestow His grace on me that I became famous and was known as 'Tulsidas.

Doha 5 Kaam krodh mad lobh ki jou lou man mein khan Tau lou Pandit moorkhou Tulsi ek saman Meaning: A person whose mind is a mine of desire, anger, ego and greed is a fool inspite of his qualifications. Doha 2 "Tulsi meethe bachan te sukh upjaat chahu or Basikaran ek mantra hain pariharu bachan kathor" Meaning: Sweet speech creates happiness all around.

If you want to win over the hearts of others then don't speak harsh words. Famous poets ranked 24 Maya Angelou. Inbox x.


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